Download Celestial Revolutionary: Copernicus, the Man and His by John Freely PDF

By John Freely

within the spring of 1500, on the apex of the Renaissance, a papal secretary to the Borgia Pope, Alexander VI, wrote that "All the realm is in Rome." even though not anyone knew it on the time, this incorporated a tender pupil through the identify of Nicolaus Copernicus who may someday switch the world.

One of the best polymaths of his or any age - linguist, attorney, surgeon, diplomat, baby-kisser, mathematician, scientist, astronomer, artist, cleric - Copernicus gave the realm arguably crucial clinical discovery of the fashionable period: that earth and the planets revolve round the sunlight and that the earth rotates on its axis as soon as each 24 hours. His heliocentric conception and the discoveries that will persist with ushered within the age of contemporary astronomy, known as the Copernican Age, and alter the way in which we glance on the universe eternally. This amazing and arguable trust - born of a fusion of the theories of the good students of antiquity and the information of the medieval Islamic global - used to be immortalised in Copernicus' epic "De revolutionibus orbium coelestium", a booklet whose first actual revealed replica used to be put into his palms in the intervening time of his dying in 1543.

Here, for the 1st time, is a biography of Copernicus that not just describes his theories however the lifetime of the fellow himself and the epic, exciting instances during which he lived.

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Download Oppenheimer: The Tragic Intellect by Charles Thorpe PDF

By Charles Thorpe

At a time whilst the ny venture used to be synonymous with large-scale technology, physicist J. Robert Oppenheimer (1904–67) represented the hot sociocultural energy of the yankee highbrow. Catapulted to repute as director of the Los Alamos atomic guns laboratory, Oppenheimer occupied a key place within the compact among technology and the kingdom that built out of worldwide struggle II. by way of tracing the making—and unmaking—of Oppenheimer’s wartime and postwar medical id, Charles Thorpe illustrates the struggles over the function of the scientist on the subject of nuclear guns, the kingdom, and culture.

 

A trendy highbrow biography, Oppenheimer maps out alterations within the roles of scientists and intellectuals in twentieth-century the US, finally revealing adjustments in Oppenheimer’s character that coincided with altering attitudes towards technological know-how in society.

 

“This is an outstandingly well-researched e-book, a excitement to learn and special through the top of the range of its observations and judgments. it will likely be of precise curiosity to students of recent background, yet non-specialist readers will benefit from the readability that Thorpe brings to universal misunderstandings approximately his subject.”—Graham Farmelo, Times greater schooling Supplement

 

“A interesting new standpoint. . . . Thorpe’s e-book presents the simplest viewpoint but for figuring out Oppenheimer’s Los Alamos years, that have been serious, in the end, not just to his existence yet, for greater or worse, the historical past of mankind.”—Catherine Westfall, Nature

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Download Fascinating Mathematical People: Interviews and Memoirs by Donald J. Albers,Gerald L. Alexanderson,Philip J. Davis PDF

By Donald J. Albers,Gerald L. Alexanderson,Philip J. Davis

Fascinating Mathematical People is a set of casual interviews and memoirs of 16 well-known individuals of the mathematical neighborhood of the 20th century, many nonetheless energetic. The candid pictures accumulated the following show that whereas those women and men fluctuate greatly by way of their backgrounds, lifestyles tales, and worldviews, all of them proportion a deep and abiding experience of ask yourself approximately mathematics.

Featured here--in their very own words--are significant study mathematicians whose state-of-the-art discoveries have complex the frontiers of the sphere, reminiscent of Lars Ahlfors, Mary Cartwright, Dusa McDuff, and Atle Selberg. Others are major mathematicians who've additionally been hugely influential as academics and mentors, like Tom Apostol and Jean Taylor. Fern Hunt describes what it was once prefer to be one of the first black girls to earn a PhD in arithmetic. Harold Bacon made journeys to Alcatraz to aid a prisoner research calculus. Thomas Banchoff, who first took an interest within the fourth measurement whereas analyzing a Captain surprise comedian, relates his interesting friendship with Salvador Dalí and their shared ardour for paintings, arithmetic, and the profound connection among the 2. different mathematical humans chanced on listed here are Leon Bankoff, who used to be additionally a Beverly Hills dentist; Arthur Benjamin, a part-time expert magician; and Joseph Gallian, a mythical mentor of destiny mathematicians, but in addition a world-renowned specialist at the Beatles.

This fantastically illustrated assortment contains many images by no means sooner than released, concise introductions by way of the editors to every individual, and a foreword via Philip J. Davis.

Some photographs contained in the booklet are unavailable as a result of electronic copyright restrictions.

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Download ... und ich höre doch!: Ein technologisches Abenteuer by Geoffrey Ball PDF

By Geoffrey Ball

Geoffrey Balls außergewöhnliches Technologieabenteuer begann im legendären Silicon Valley Kaliforniens und führte ihn schließlich in die österreichischen Alpen, wo er heute lebt und arbeitet. Schon als sort erkannte Ball, dass Zeichensprache, Hörgeräte und Lippenlesen keine befriedigende Antwort auf seine Schwerhörigkeit boten. So beschloss er kurzerhand, selbst eine Lösung zu suchen. Ohne sich von seiner Behinderung je einschränken zu lassen, entwickelte er ein weites Interessenspektrum gepaart mit einem untrüglichen Sinn für Unternehmer- und Erfindertum.

In diesem Buch erzählt Ball seine unglaubliche Geschichte: Wir lernen seine Familie und Freunde kennen, Surfkameraden, Laborratten, Geschäftspartner, Erfinderkollegen, desktop- und Internetlegenden, seinen herausragenden Mentor, der ihm den commence ermöglichte, und jene Frau, die letztlich seine Erfindung rettete. Mit seinen bahnbrechenden Mittelohrimplantaten wird heute überall auf der Welt die Lebensqualität von unzähligen hörgeschädigten Menschen verbessert.

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Download Spitfire's Forgotten Designer: The Career of Supermarine's by Mike Roussel PDF

By Mike Roussel

The Supermarine Spitfire used to be a vintage layout, popular for its efforts in protecting British seashores in the course of the moment global warfare. besides the fact that, whereas Reginald Mitchell is rightly celebrated for his unique layout of the Spitfire, the position of Joe Smith within the improvement of the Spitfire is usually missed. Smith was once an indispensable member of the layout staff from the earliest days, and on Mitchell’s demise in 1937 he was once appointed layout workplace supervisor prior to changing into leader fashion designer. Smith’s devoted management within the improvement of the Spitfire in the course of the warfare, in addition to his efforts on post-war jet airplane, deserve their position in history.
Charting the attention-grabbing historical past of Supermarine from 1913 to 1958, while the corporate ceased its operations in Southampton, almost immediately after Joe Smith’s loss of life in 1956, this ebook tells its tale throughout the eyes of apprentices and lots of different participants of Smith’s workforce. Marvellous photos upload to the feel of what it was once wish to paintings below Joe Smith on the drawing forums of 1 of Britain’s most famed wartime aviation manufacturers.

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Download John Napier: Life, Logarithms, and Legacy by Julian Havil PDF

By Julian Havil

John Napier (1550–1617) is well known this day because the guy who invented logarithms—an huge, immense highbrow fulfillment that might quickly result in the advance in their mechanical similar within the slide rule: the 2 may serve humanity because the significant technique of calculation till the mid-1970s. but, regardless of Napier's pioneering efforts, his lifestyles and paintings haven't attracted unique sleek scrutiny. John Napier is the 1st modern biography to take an in-depth examine the a number of points of Napier’s tale: his privileged place because the 8th Laird of Merchiston and the son of influential Scottish landowners; his acceptance as a magician who dabbled in alchemy; his curiosity in agriculture; his involvement with a infamous outlaw; his staunch anti-Catholic ideals; his interactions with such friends as Henry Briggs, Johannes Kepler, and Tycho Brahe; and, such a lot significantly, his estimable mathematical legacy.

Julian Havil explores Napier’s unique improvement of logarithms, the motivations for his method, and the explanations in the back of definite changes to them. Napier’s creative mathematical principles additionally comprise formulation for fixing round triangles, "Napier’s Bones" (a extra uncomplicated yet very hot replacement gadget for calculation), and using decimal notation for fractions and binary mathematics. Havil additionally considers Napier’s research of the ebook of Revelation, which resulted in his prediction of the Apocalypse in his first e-book, A Plaine Discovery of the entire Revelation of St. John—the paintings for which Napier believed he will be such a lot remembered.

John Napier assesses one man’s lifestyles and the lasting effect of his developments at the mathematical sciences and beyond.

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Download Alfred Russel Wallace: Letters and Reminiscences, Vol. 1 by Alfred Russel Wallace PDF

By Alfred Russel Wallace

This early paintings through Alfred Russel Wallace used to be initially released in 1916 and we're now republishing it with a new introductory biography. 'Alfred Russel Wallace: Letters and recollections, Vol. 1.' is a set of correspondence among Wallace and different scientists, together with Charles Darwin. Alfred Russel Wallace used to be born on eighth January 1823 within the village of Llanbadoc, in Monmouthshire, Wales. Wallace was once encouraged by way of the traveling naturalists of the day and determined to start his exploration profession amassing specimens within the Amazon rainforest. He explored the Rio Negra for 4 years, making notes at the peoples and languages he encountered in addition to the geography, plant life, and fauna. whereas traveling, Wallace sophisticated his recommendations approximately evolution and in 1858 he defined his conception of usual choice in an editorial he despatched to Charles Darwin. Wallace made an enormous contribution to the average sciences and he'll remain remembered as one of many key figures within the improvement of evolutionary theory.

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Download Le tue antenate (Universale Gallucci) (Italian Edition) by Rita Levi-Montalcini,Giuliano Ferri PDF

By Rita Levi-Montalcini,Giuliano Ferri

Hanno dovuto lottare contro i pregiudizi e il maschilismo according to poter studiare ed entrare nei laboratori. Hanno rischiato di vedersi strappare le loro scoperte fondamentali, spesso attribuite ai soli colleghi uomini. Sono country capaci di caricarsi del doppio impegno della famiglia e della ricerca. Rita Levi-Montalcini ci racconta 70 donne eccezionali e ce le indica come esempi di emancipazione, genio e perseveranza. Le loro conquiste sono kingdom according to sempre.

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Download Changing Women's Lives by Alison Wilson PDF

By Alison Wilson

Rosemary Murray (1913-2004) was once the eldest of six kids in a cheerful, gifted and lively relatives whose deeply-engrained angle of provider to the neighborhood she inherited. She studied chemistry at Oxford, turning into one of many first girls at LMH to accomplish a DPhil. in technological know-how, and commenced an educational profession as a lecturer at Royal Holloway university. The charmed global of Rosemary's early life and scholar days vanished by surprise with the outbreak of battle. Enlisting within the WRNS as a score, she served from 1942- forty six, achieving the rank of leader Officer. Post-war she was once head-hunted via Cambridge collage as Demonstrator in Chemistry mixed with a Lectureship at Girton university. the following she got interested in women's schooling, witnessing the luck of the lengthy conflict to permit girls to take levels and changing into a committee member of the 3rd origin organization, a circulation to establish a 3rd women's university. ultimately, while New corridor was once began, she turned its first Tutor-in-Charge, and later, President. She went directly to turn into the 1st girl Vice-Chancellor of Cambridge University.

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Download Der letzte Mann, der alles wusste: Das Leben des by John Glassie,Bernhard Kleinschmidt PDF

By John Glassie,Bernhard Kleinschmidt

John Glassie erzählt die abenteuerliche Geschichte des Athanasius Kircher: dem Sohn eines Dorflehrers aus der Rhön, der es im 17. Jahrhundert erst zum Mathematikprofessor brachte, dann zum bedeutendsten Gelehrten des Vatikan und schließlich zum bekanntesten Wissenschaftler seiner Zeit. Und der entweder ein großes Genie oder ein liebenswerter Spinner conflict. Oder womöglich sogar beides?
Kirchers Neugier kannte keine Grenzen: Er battle Erfinder, Biologe, Ägyptologe, Mediziner, Astronom, Musikwissenschaftler, Archäologe, Geograph und Autor von über forty umfangreichen wissenschaftlichen Werken. Zur Überprüfung seiner Vulkanismus-Theorie ließ er sich in den Krater des Vesuv abseilen, und er battle der Erste, der Krankheiten wie die Pest auf Mikroorganismen zurückführte. Sein Museum Kircherianum in Rom ist eine barocke Wunderkammer, die sprechende Statuen, einen Vorläufer des Filmprojektors, den Schwanz einer Meerjungfrau, einen Stein des Turms von Babel und ein »Perpetuum cellular« enthielt. In ganz Europa eine Koryphäe, verkehrte Kircher mit Päpsten und korrespondierte mit den großen Meistern des Barock. Doch mit den Vorboten der Aufklärung begann sein Stern zu sinken ...
Hochunterhaltsam erzählt John Glassie vom kühnen Leben eines fehlbaren Genies. Seine unbezähmbare Neugier und sein Streben nach Ruhm ließen Kircher zur Verkörperung des Wissensstands seiner Zeit werden und machten ihn, wie die Stanford-Professorin Paula Findlen formulierte, zum »letzten Mann, der alles wusste«.

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